Vaccines, Overview

by David Freedman, M.D. last updated Sep 26, 2023 12:13 PM © Antimicrobial Therapy, Inc.


  • This section provides Sanford Guide coverage of adult and pediatric travel vaccines, routine adult and pediatric vaccines with travel-related indications, travel-related updating and considerations in special populations. Routine pediatric vaccination is not covered. Coverage is based on U.S. approved vaccines and recommendations with occasional comments on WHO approaches and vaccines widely available outside the US.
  • Vaccines of seasonal or particular interest in 2023:
  • Additional resources:
  • Note: Expanded adult travel vaccine coverage (shown below) may require an additional subscription.

Master Immunization Schedules

  • U.S. CDC and WHO master immunization schedules here

Travel-Only Vaccines For Adults

Routine Adult Vaccines with Additional Travel Indications

Routine Vaccines Often Requiring Pre-travel Updating

Vaccines for Special Populations